Should You Use AI Teachers and Apps? The Pros and The Cons

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Artificial intelligence (AI) is the technology that enables machines to perform tasks that normally require human intelligence, such as understanding language, recognizing images, solving problems, and learning from data. AI is being used in education to enhance teaching and learning, improve efficiency and productivity, and personalize instruction and assessment.

One of the applications of AI in education is AI teachers, which are software programs that can teach students various subjects and skills, such as math, science, language, and music.

However, AI teachers have both potential benefits and drawbacks, and it is important to weigh these carefully before implementing them in the classroom. In this article, I will discuss the pros and cons of AI teachers, and how to mitigate the drawbacks of AI teachers.

Potential benefits of AI teachers

AI teachers can provide many benefits to education, both for students and teachers. Some of the benefits are:

  • Personalization: AI teachers can provide personalized instruction to each student, based on their individual strengths, weaknesses, and learning style. AI teachers can analyze and adapt to the needs and preferences of each student, and provide customized learning paths, content, and activities. This can help students learn at their own pace and level, and according to their own interests and goals. For example, AI teachers can generate questions and exercises that match the student’s proficiency and learning objectives, and provide immediate feedback and guidance.
  • Engagement: AI teachers can create engaging and interactive learning experiences that can motivate students to learn. AI teachers can use multimedia, such as images, audio, and video, to create engaging and interactive learning experiences for students. AI teachers can also use gamification, such as quizzes, badges, and leaderboards, to motivate and reward students. For example, AI teachers can create chatbots that can converse with students in natural language, and provide them with practice and feedback on their speaking and listening skills.
  • Efficiency: AI teachers can help teachers to save time and be more efficient, so that they can focus on other important tasks. AI teachers can automate and streamline tedious and repetitive tasks, such as grading, checking plagiarism, and generating reports. This can free up teachers’ time so that they can focus on more creative and strategic tasks, such as designing lessons, creating materials, and interacting with students.
  • Accessibility: AI teachers can make education more accessible to students with disabilities and students in remote or underserved areas. AI teachers can provide students with access to high-quality education, regardless of their physical location, time zone, or availability of resources. AI teachers can also provide students with accommodations and adaptations, such as text-to-speech, speech-to-text, and translation, to help them overcome barriers and challenges.

Potential drawbacks of AI teachers

AI teachers also have some limitations and challenges, which could pose some risks and disadvantages to education. Some of the drawbacks are:

  • Lack of human interaction: AI teachers may not be able to provide the same level of human interaction and support that traditional teachers can. Human interaction is essential for effective teaching and learning, as it fosters social and emotional skills, such as communication, collaboration, empathy, and creativity. Human interaction also builds trust and rapport between teachers and students, which can enhance motivation and engagement. AI teachers may not be able to replicate the human touch and connection that is necessary for successful teaching and learning.
  • Bias: AI teachers may be biased, which could lead to unfair outcomes for students. Bias is the tendency to favor or discriminate against certain groups or individuals, based on factors such as race, gender, age, or ability. Bias can affect the quality and accuracy of the AI teachers’ outputs and outcomes, such as the content they provide, the feedback they give, and the grades they assign. Bias can also affect the students’ perceptions and attitudes towards the AI teachers, and their own learning and performance. AI teachers may be biased because of the data they use, the algorithms they employ, or the developers they are created by.
  • Lack of creativity: AI teachers may not be able to foster creativity and critical thinking skills in students to the same extent as traditional teachers. Creativity and critical thinking are important skills for the 21st century, as they enable students to solve problems, innovate, and adapt to changing situations. Creativity and critical thinking require human intelligence, imagination, and intuition, which AI teachers may not be able to fully emulate or stimulate. AI teachers may also limit the students’ creativity and critical thinking by providing them with predetermined and standardized answers and solutions, rather than encouraging them to explore and discover for themselves.
  • Cost: AI teachers can be expensive to develop and implement. AI teachers require a lot of resources and expertise, such as data, software, hardware, and human capital, to create and maintain. AI teachers also require a lot of infrastructure and support, such as internet connection, devices, and technical assistance, to operate and update. The cost of AI teachers may be prohibitive for some schools and teachers, especially those in low-income or developing regions.

How to mitigate the drawbacks of AI teachers

The drawbacks of AI teachers can be mitigated by taking some measures and precautions, such as:

  • Careful selection: It is important to carefully select AI teachers that are aligned with the teacher’s teaching philosophy and instructional approach. Teachers should choose AI teachers that are compatible with their curriculum, standards, and objectives, and that are suitable for their subject area and grade level. Teachers should also choose AI teachers that are reliable, valid, and trustworthy, and that have been tested and verified by reputable sources and authorities.
  • Teacher training: Teachers need to be trained on how to use AI teachers effectively and to monitor student progress. Teachers need to learn how to integrate AI teachers into their teaching and learning, and how to balance the use of AI teachers with their own teaching and interaction. Teachers also need to learn how to interpret and analyze the data and feedback that the AI teachers provide, and how to use them to improve their teaching and learning outcomes.
  • Human oversight: AI teachers should not be used to replace human teachers entirely. Instead, they should be used to supplement traditional teaching and to provide students with additional support. Human teachers should still play an active and central role in the teaching and learning process, and should be able to intervene and override the AI teachers when necessary. Human teachers should also be able to evaluate and modify the AI teachers when needed, and to ensure that they are ethical and responsible.


AI teachers have the potential to improve education, but they also have some challenges and risks. AI teachers will not replace human teachers in the near future, but they will play an increasingly important role in English language education. Therefore, it is important to use AI teachers responsibly and ethically, and to weigh their pros and cons carefully before implementing them in the classroom. By doing so, AI teachers and human teachers can work together to create better learning experiences for students.


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